Layer 1 Blockchain Tokens: Everything You Need to Know

Key Takeaways

  • The blockchain area is increasing at extraordinarily quick speeds, exacerbating the scalability drawback.

  • Layer 1 options are used to deal with the scalability drawback. Layer 1 blockchain protocols have to be decentralized, safe and scalable.

  • There are three approaches to implementing Layer 1 options – PoS, PoW and Sharding.

  • Popular Layer 1 tokens can simply be bought on Binance.

The blockchain area is increasing quickly as new options and functions are continually being launched on a wide range of networks, lots of that are going through the scalability drawback. Scalability is among the pillars of the blockchain trilemma that poses a problem for the enlargement and operability of blockchain networks, with the opposite two being safety and decentralization. In this put up, we’ll contemplate the difficulty of scalability, the proposed options and how one can purchase widespread Layer 1 tokens on Binance.

The Scalability Trilemma

As postulated by Vitalik Buterin, the founding father of Ethereum, the time period “scalability trilemma” refers to a blockchain’s capacity to juggle three natural properties that represent its basic rules – safety, scalability and decentralization.

The trilemma states that any blockchain know-how can solely characteristic two properties at most, by no means all three without delay. Thus, the present blockchain know-how will at all times have to compromise on one of many basic properties. An glorious instance of that is Bitcoin.  Through no fault of its personal, whereas its blockchain has managed to optimize decentralization and safety, it has had to compromise on scalability – by means of no fault of its personal.

What Is Layer 1 Blockchain And How Do They Work?

Blockchain scalability is the enlargement of a community in digital area by way of transaction processing speeds and processing energy to accommodate the addition of latest functions and the rise in person operations. By scaling, blockchain networks can be ready to efficiently compete with centralized networks for transaction volumes, utility buildup and person engagement by providing greater processing capacities and larger capabilities. From a technical standpoint, “scaling” refers to a rise within the throughput fee, measured by way of the variety of transactions per second.

One of the forefront options for tackling the scalability drawback is the introduction of Layer 1 options. A Layer 1 blockchain is a set of options that enhance the bottom protocol itself to make the general system much more scalable. The two approaches proposed for implementing Layer 1 options embody the consensus protocol and sharding.

Examples of working Layer 1 blockchains embody Bitcoin, Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain (BSC), Litecoin and Avalanche. However, Bitcoin stays essentially the most affected by scalability points, because the underlying community depends on the rise within the variety of miners to guarantee greater transaction throughput and volumes.

Types of Layer 1 Blockchain Solutions

Layer 1 blockchain protocols have to be decentralized, safe and scalable. To obtain this, networks have resorted to utilizing totally different methodologies to improve general scalability. 

Foundational Layer 1 options typically embody the next approaches:

Consensus Protocol

Proof-of-Work, or PoW, is the normal consensus mechanism for Bitcoin and ETH. It goals to obtain each consensus and safety utilizing miners to decode advanced cryptographic algorithms. However, PoW struggles with two primary points – it’s sluggish and resource-intensive.

Proof-of-Stake, or PoS, is a mechanism that includes a distributed consensus over the blockchain community. Users can authenticate block transactions on the idea of their stake. PoS wins over PoW by way of transaction velocity however loses by way of safety.  The Ethereum blockchain needs to transition from PoW to PoS by means of Ethereum 2.0. Ethereum 2.0 is the collective time period for a set of upgrades which are at the moment underway to make the Ethereum blockchain extra scalable and sustainable.


Sharding is one other methodology that has been ported from the distributed databases sector and tailored for Layer 1 options. Sharding is an experimental method in blockchain area, because it entails the breaking apart of a community right into a collection of separate database blocks generally known as “shards” – therefore the time period “sharding” – which basically makes the blockchain extra manageable. This method additionally eases present necessities for all nodes to course of or deal with transactions so as to preserve the community, since all of the “shards” are processed in a parallel sequence, thus permitting for larger processing capacities to be freed up for different processes.

Layer 1 tokens have been gaining appreciable traction since their launch, and the preferred Layer 1 tokens will be discovered on the Binance exchange:

  1. Ethereum (ETH), at a price of $3,960.83 and $469,857.85 million market cap

  2. Binance Smart Chain (BNB), at a price of $554.20 and $92,441.19 million market cap

  3. Solana (SOL), at a price of $179.61 and $54,920.16 million market cap

  4. Cardano (ADA), at a price of $1.29 and $42,974.08 million market cap

  5. Polkadot (DOT), at a price of $25.48 and $25,163.52 million market cap

  6. Terra (LUNA), at a price of $62.53 and $24,071.36 million market cap

  7. Avalanche (AVAX), at a price of $79.03 and $19,184.60 million market cap

  8. Polygon (MATIC), at a price of $1.79 and $12,568.81 million market cap

  9. Algorand (ALGO), at a price of $1.69 and $10,631.79 million market cap

  10. TRON (TRX), at a price of $0.08 and $8,171.36 million market cap

* These costs are a mirrored image of 8 December 2021’s costs.

How to Buy Layer 1 Tokens?

Are you considering of getting your arms on these widespread tokens? Here is a step-by-step information for purchasing them on the Binance exchange.

1. Make a fiat deposit through an e-wallet transfer or financial institution switch on Binance. Be certain to verify the obtainable fiat channels for desired currencies.

Optional: Convert the fiat currencies to BUSD or USDT to commerce a larger number of tokens.

2. Purchase Layer 1 tokens by means of a Wallet buy, or straight with credit/debit cards.

3. To stake or take part in Layer 1 belongings, switch the tokens from the Binance crypto deal with to a MetaMask pockets deal with by following the instructions.


Scalability is among the causes hindering international crypto adoption. As demand for cryptocurrencies will increase, strain to scale blockchain protocols can even mount. Since each blockchain layers have sure limitations, the answer sooner or later can be to construct a protocol that may deal with the scalability trilemma. The two choices obtainable for bottleneck options are easy – both mitigate the scaling drawback, or search for viable options.

Ready to purchase cryptocurrencies? Kickstart your cryptocurrency journey with Binance

Get began by signing up for a account or obtain the Binance crypto trading app. Next, verify your account. After you’ve got verified your account, there are three primary methods to purchase cryptocurrencies on Binance utilizing money: you should buy crypto with money from Binance through financial institution switch, card channels or e-wallets choices.  


Linking your debit card, bank card, or checking account (obtainable in lots of areas) is among the best methods to purchase Bitcoin and greater than 100+ cryptocurrencies.  

Disclaimer: Cryptocurrency funding is topic to excessive market threat. Binance is just not liable for any of your buying and selling losses. The opinions and statements made above shouldn’t be thought-about monetary recommendation.

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